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Provision of Car Parking Spaces and Loading/Unloading Facilities in Wholly Converted Industrial Buildings

Under the Hong Kong Planning Standards and GuidelinesThis link will open in a new window (HKPSG), the requirement for car parking spaces (CPS) in office and commercial buildings is higher than that for industrial buildings:

This higher requirement for CPS might be difficult for some existing industrial buildings to achieve through wholesale conversion without undergoing structural modifications. Nevertheless, the HKPSG also provides that the transport authority may exercise discretion to accept lower provisions for loading/unloading (L/U) facilities and CPS to meet individual circumstances. Where the buildings concerned in wholesale conversion cases have practical difficulties in meeting the prescribed standards, the Transport Department (TD) will, taking into account site-specific traffic situation, exercise flexibility in considering the L/U and CPS requirements, provided that by doing so, it would not create serious traffic problems such as illegal parking near the site or obstruction to traffic caused by on-street L/U activities.

Based on the experience gained in processing applications received, TD has revisited this guideline to better clarify its requirements for applications and considerations in exercising its discretion.

Guideline for Applicants

TD will generally follow the below procedures in considering applications for wholesale conversion of industrial buildings on a case-by-case basis –

Provision of loading/unloading facilities

  1. The subject building should meet the lower-end number of L/U bays specified in the HKPSG for the intended uses. The dimensions of the L/U bays should not be smaller than those stipulated at the time the building was built;
  2. While applications which cannot provide the minimum required total number of L/U bays will be rejected, TD will exercise flexibility in considering the proportion of goods vehicle provision stipulated in the HKPSG, i.e. 65% for light goods vehicles and 35% for heavy goods vehicles (HGV);
  3. To facilitate TD’s consideration on the above, applicants should provide justifications to prove that it is technically not feasible to meet the HGV L/U requirement in the subject building and there are HGV L/U spaces or on-street L/U point available in close proximity to the application site (See Note 1 for the definition of on-street L/U point). TD may require applicants to undertake to put in place suitable traffic management measures in this regard.

Provision of car parking spaces

  1. TD will consider acceptance of a lower-than-standard provision of CPS having regard to the site-specific traffic conditions. Where the subject building cannot meet the lower-end number of CPS under the HKPSG for the intended uses due to site constraints, the applicant will have to prove that he/she has made the best use of all existing spaces (e.g. use of decked mechanised parking) in the industrial buildings originally designated for car parking and L/U facilities, but still cannot meet the HKPSG requirements for CPS;
  2. In deciding whether to accept a lower-than-standard provision of CPS, TD will consider if the following criteria external to the subject building are met:
    1. The subject site is located within a walking distance of 500 metres from public transport services, including MTR stations, public transport interchanges, or franchised bus/green mini-bus stops of no less than 5 routes (see Note 2 for further elaboration);
    2. The subject site is not located in an area where there is significant illegal parking problem. TD will seek advice from the Police as appropriate in this regard; and
    3. There are surplus parking spaces, being additional to those reserved for the exclusive use of its tenants, and are available for hourly rental by visitors, near the subject site.

If the application for wholesale conversion is approved by Lands Department, the CPS and L/U requirement may be incorporated in the special waiver.

Checklist of the Scope of Traffic Studies or Assessments Required

TD has prepared this checklist of the scope of traffic studies or assessments that applicants may be required to do [Click hereThis link will open in a new window to link to a sample of the checklist]. Applicants are encouraged to approach and present their initial conversion plans to TD at an early stage for preliminary advice on the CPS and L/U requirements for the converted building before they submit formal applications to Lands Department. Details of contact person in each of the TD Regional Offices are as follows:


  1. On-street L/U point refers to on-street spaces where L/U activities can be carried out lawfully. It does not have to be specific designated on-street L/U area.
  2. The relevant criterion will be regarded as satisfied as long as the applicants can prove that there are stops for at least 5 franchised bus/green mini-bus routes within a 500-metre walking distance from the subject industrial building, but the stops do not have to converge at one single place.